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These presentations focus on the multi-disciplinary research effort to explore, develop, and implement new management strategies to preserve the archeological remains of HMS Fowey. Archeological evidence indicates that people first entered the North America during the last Ice Age by at least 16, years ago.
In the late s, NPS razed the historic city and then for the next half century completely recontoured the grounds in a series of cut and fill stages as the monument was built. The CityArchRiver project along the riverfront will involve deep and extensive excavations potentially exposing undisturbed landscapes and features.
The Midwest Archeological Center is partnering in innovative ways with multiple stake holders to preserve archeological resources during this project. The project included archeological fieldwork, innovative recordation and mapping technology, and public participation.
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Geographers, archeologists, historical architects, structural engineers and traditional Hawaiian masons restored dry wall masonry. The project documented and stabilized archeological sites and coordinated transference of traditional knowledge and skills. Research results re-evaluate chronologies and interpretations of settlement patterns at Cape Krusenstern. Community outreach goals were met by hosting culture camps, regular community presentations on research findings, and distribution of educational materials. This presentation will feature discussion of the project background and current results, and highlight the outreach and educational products.
Archeological investigations identified over 70 archeological sites, including 5 previously unverified related sites and a high-elevation bivouac where the Nez Perce may have rested prior to their race to Canada to seek refuge with Sitting Bull.
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UNC researchers produced a reconstruction of game drive use and elevation-specific environmental zone shifts from ca. This presentation examines the placement of habitation sites and community centers - great kiva, reservoir, great house, plaza, tower, and others - and combines least-cost and viewshed analyses to produce an accessibility metric of the ease of travel and participation from habitation sites to contemporaneous public architecture.
Analyses across the Mesa Verde landscape and through time show changes in accessibility suggest how communities may have responded to social, cultural, and environmental changes from A. This presentation examines artifacts collected from the Pipestone Indian Boarding School and, aided by oral histories and school records, attempts to understand life at the school within the context of the larger political and economic climate of the day. Is Wilderness Dead? Human influences strongly influence global fluxes of water, sediment, nitrogen, and carbon, and we appropriate a substantial proportion of global ecosystem productivity.
"Demain" et "Merci patron !" : pourquoi un tel succès ?
This creates challenges for understanding and managing these natural environments because such perceptions imply that the best action is to leave these environments untouched. In this talk, Wohl explores the conceptual framework describing how scientists understand changes in natural systems and, using examples from Rocky Mountain National Park, explore how past human alterations of natural systems in the park constrain contemporary understanding and management. Ellen Wohl is a professor of geology at Colorado State University. Her research focuses on river form and process, including physical-biotic interactions and human influences on rivers.
She works primarily on mountain rivers and has conducted field work in every continent except Antarctica. She has published more than scientific papers and has written or edited 13 books, including several non-technical books for readers interested in natural and environmental history. The National Park Service recognizes a two-fold relationship between cultural resources and climate change: climate change affects cultural resources, while in turn cultural resources contain invaluable information about long-term human capacity to adapt to changing climates.
The NPS Climate Change Response Strategy set out four pillars of climate change response: science, adaptation, mitigation, and communication.
Work is now underway to merge these two approaches, integrating the two-fold perspective of cultural resources with each climate change response pillar. The result is a full complex strategic vision for a national climate change and cultural heritage program. This presentation identifies roles and examples of NPS archeology in this program. An archeologist by training, her research focus is how humans gather, share, remember, and transmit environmental information, particularly during colonization. Her current role addresses impacts of climate change on cultural resources and use of cultural resource information in country - to global-level adaptation and resilience planning.
Rockman has a Ph. Environmental change brought about by shifting climates has the potential to drastically influence archeological resource preservation throughout the world. Protection of archeological resources depends upon our ability to adaptively manage threats in ways that cross-cut resource types and preservation scenarios. Studies in the Midwest Region have identified historic archeological sites as vulnerable to significant damage from wildland fire.
Projections of increasing wildland fire frequency, fuels accumulations, and fire intensities combined with longer fire seasons predict a growing threat to the preservation of historic archeological sites in the Midwest. How will the greater variability and uncertainty of our changing world affect efforts to protect these sites? This presentation will provide an overview of threatened sites in the Midwest, discuss the potential for increased impacts from climate change, and propose strategies to protect sites through management actions.
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He has an MA in anthropology from the University of Nebraska. Besides wildfire research, he is interested in fur trade and contact period archeology, 19th century urban archeology, and the prehistory of the Midwest and Southeastern U. The area that is now protected as the Bandelier Wilderness has seen much anthropogenic alteration over time that has affected the ecological environment in enduring ways.
Allen draws on extensive research in Bandelier Wilderness to identify short-term and long-term effects of people and climate on the landscape. Craig D. Allen is a research ecologist with the U. He has worked as a place-based ecologist with the Dept. He is one of the core principal investigators of the USGS Western Mountain Initiative, an integration of research programs that study global change in mountain ecosystems of the western United States.
Recent and ongoing research activities include: integrated understanding of climate-induced tree mortality and forest die-off, including determination of global patterns and trends; development of ecological and fire histories in the Southwest US; ecological effects of recent fires on Southwestern landscapes; linked ecological, runoff, and erosion processes in semi-arid watersheds; ecological restoration of Southwestern forests and woodlands; and development of long-term ecological monitoring networks across landscape gradients in the Jemez Mountains.
In the Southwest U. But do all fire-climate-society relationships conform to this story? Southwestern pine forests have been home to American Indian communities for millennia. What lessons might we learn from these experiences? Christopher Roos is an environmental archeologist with primary research interests in the long-term interactions between climate change, human land use, and landscape fires. His regional expertise is in the Southwestern US, but he maintains active research interests in the Northern Plains. His research projects are interdisciplinary, often including dendrochronology, archeology, ethnography, and sedimentary paleoecology.
Archeology can provide a unique long-term baseline for social and environmental challenges associated with modern climate change. Anderson will discuss how new data on past settlement patterns and social networks in northwest Alaska can be used to evaluate and refine existing models of late Holocene human-environment interaction in the Arctic, and to inform contemporary climate change research in the north.
On-going efforts to assess and mitigate the impact of rapid climate change on arctic archeological sites will also be discussed. Her research interests include past coastal hunter-gatherer societies, human ecodynamics, evolutionary theory, ceramic technologies, applied archeology, and archeology of the Arctic, Sub-arctic and Pacific Northwest. Cross-cutting these interests is a long-term commitment to community engagement and collaborative research in all aspects of her work. The stable ice in these features exhibits little internal deformation or movement and can preserve otherwise perishable materials for millennia.
The exposure of ancient archaeological and paleobiological materials around the world is a tangible indication of climate change. Craig Lee has directed field projects in Alaska, Colorado, Montana, and Wyoming and published articles in respected journals, including Antiquity, American Antiquity, Arctic, and The Holocene and numerous reports, proceedings and book reviews.
He advocates for the field of ice patch archaeology through dozens of professional papers at international, national and regional conferences. The early anthropocene hypothesis posits that the Anthropocene era, as some scientists call the most recent period in the Earth's history when the activities of the human race first began to have a significant global impact on the Earth's climate and ecosystems, did not begin in the eighteenth century with advent of coal-burning factories and power plants of the industrial era.
Evidence suggests that the beginning of the Anthropocene dates to 8, years ago, triggered by intense farming activities of our early agrarian ancestors. It was at that time that atmospheric greenhouse gas concentrations stopped following the periodic pattern of rises and falls that had characterized their past long-term behavior, a pattern which is explained by natural variations in the Earth's orbit. William Ruddiman was initially trained as a marine geologist and earned a PhD from Columbia University.
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His subsequent work has explored different aspects of paleoclimate. His earliest research was on orbital-scale changes in North Atlantic sediments to reconstruct past sea-surface temperatures and to quantify the deposition of ice-rafted debris.
His research on the issue has been NSF-funded for nine years, despite its controversial nature. Join us for presentations about public education at pm Eastern Time October 23, The application of foundational knowledge and experiential learning techniques in a field setting is presented through a case study from a decade-long research program at Shenandoah NP, where undergraduate students engaged in archeological field schools and short-term surveys. The Common Core is a set of grade-by-grade performance expectations in English Language Arts and Mathematics for Kindergarten through 12th grade students to reach by the end of each year.
Developed by the National Governors Association and adopted by 45 states and territories, they provide an opportunity to implement archaeology education in schools. The BLM Project Archaeology initiative has developed products that utilize Common Core standards to introduce archeology and heritage preservation to the classroom. Resource links: Archaeology and the Common Core Join us for presentations at pm Eastern Time October 16, Data about the state of preservation and threats to park archeological resources collected over the past five years is compared to data about the sites prior to the program to analyze the value of the ranger monitoring program.
Benefits include improved documentation and knowledge about the sites, better communication between park staff and regional archeologists, and buy-in from park rangers that resulted in an increased interest in protecting park resources. Additionally, threats that have been identified by rangers have been addressed to limit future damage. Cotter Project Award Winner.
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The plantation was established in by the Vincendieres, French Catholic planters who came to Maryland to escape the Saint-Domingue slave revolution. They brought 12 enslaved laborers with them. By they owned 90 enslaved people. Traditional field methods, historical research, and genealogical studies were employed to uncover information about the plantation owners and the enslaved persons to create a more complete picture of the plantation and increased understanding of the realities of slavery in late-eighteenth to early-nineteenth century Maryland. This presentation examines the mission remains and evidence of the influence of indigenous people.
People who identify themselves as mission descendants varyingly identify themselves as indigenous, Spanish, or both, but they all have memories of various aspects of the cultural landscape that they associated with their mission identity. This presentation explains how the partnership came about and highlights the benefits and challenges of Federal-private partnerships. In this presentation I examine how individuals and social groups transitioned from enslavement to freedom on St. Croix in the Danish West Indies during the 18th century.
Look for ArcheoThursday webinars on climate change and archeology beginning in November The application of geophysical techniques to archaeological prospection has gained increasing acceptance with the development of instruments capable of increased rates of data sampling, storage, and processing along with the advent of solid-state electronics and computers. Their potential was not fully appreciated until the NPS began offering workshops on the techniques to the archeological community in the s.
Our paper offers an informal look at these times, instruments, methods, personalities, and a few personal anecdotes. Current research examines hypotheses for these discrepancies, including relative landform age, sedimentary processes within dune formations, and differences in middle to late Holocene human land use.